Brasília: the country’s heart

Congresso Nacional, Brasília.

In the year 1956, it was far-fetched to go way into the hinterland of the Country. The Central Plateau was an unknown space and full of wild forest. Juscelino Kubitschek, the Brazilian president at that time, sought to enlarge the domination of the central geography of the nation, he broke down all the apprehensions and fears and challenged the civil construction industry in the proposal of establishing a city in that region. Brasilia jumped off the drawing board and with a forecast budget of a billion dollars, an extremely high cost due to the lack of highways and access by waterways. All the building supplies had to be transport by airplanes. There were also other physical and natural challenges to face, yet Brasilia was inaugurated on April 21st 1960, its main purpose was to house all the administrative bodies in its terrain, including all its three branches — Executive, Legislative, and Judicial — and over 124 embassies. Making it become the capital of Brazil from hence forward.

The Brazilian capital offers its residents and visitors an enchanting view of the Paranoá River bank, famous in the city due to its size and provides leisure spaces to its inhabitants. You can also visit the Metropolitan Cathedral, the Itiquira Waterfalls, and Itamaraty Palace, the headquarters for the Brazilian Foreign Relations Ministry. Brasilia, it is recognized by UNESCO as the patrimony of humanity, due to its architecture and its own urbanistic design.

But Brasilia does not live just for politics. There are also many museums, churches, and a well-diversified cultural agenda. The Memorial of Indigenous People, exhibiting a little of their national cultural richness. The Brasilia National Library occupies a floor space of 14 thousand square meters and holds a collection of over 300 thousand items.


Brasilia Airport is the second largest in passenger flights in the country. The city is the fourth most populous in Brazil.

Oscar Niemeyer was a trainee in Lúcio Costa’s architectural office, an urbanist responsible for planning the new capital of Brazil. As time went on, Niemeyer became wellknown and he was chosen as the main architect of Brasilia by President Juscelino Kubitschek. Lúcio Costa, on the other hand, was responsible for planning the city