The total demand for water consumption has increased by 80% in Brazil in the last two decades, according to a report published in December 2018 by the National Water Agency (ANA). And the trend is for that demand to continue increasing. The forecast on consumption predicts it will increase by 24% by 2030. The records on increased water demand show that consumption is directly related to economic development and the urbanization process in the country, based on the same study.
Brazil will be able to recover 12 million hectares of native vegetation throughout its entire territory by 2030. This estimation is based on a report prepared by a group of 45 researchers from 25 Brazilian institutions, and it was presented last week in Rio de Janeiro. That scientific work casts a new light on recent discussions on relations between deforestation and agricultural production. “Environmental issues (conservation and ecological restoration) and agricultural production are interconnected and can progress jointly, without harming either side. Contrary to that, it can bring about direct benefits, such as the availability of pollinators for crops, water, and soil conservation. Mainly, the possibility of environmental certification of agricultural production, adding further value”, explains Ricardo Ribeiro Rodrigues, researcher and professor in the Luiz de Queiroz Higher Education Agricultural School at São Paulo University (USP) and one of the authors of this document.
On August 23, 2019, I was appalled by Bloomberg’s report suggesting that “more fires were burning in Angola, Congo than Amazon”. Its opening paragraph was full of bombast and written with a clear intention to underestimate the Amazon situation by comparing it to what happened in Angola at the same time: “Blazes burning in the Amazon have put heat on the environmental policies of President Jair Bolsonaro, but Brazil is actually third in the world in wildfires over the last 48 hours.”
Safe access to drinking water is a basic and essential human necessity. Water shortage causes risks to food and nutritional security, as it threatens the required food supply for the survival of a population. Besides that, polluted water weakens or even destroys the natural ecosystems that sustain human health and biodiversity.