Safe access to drinking water is a basic and essential human necessity. Water shortage causes risks to food and nutritional security, as it threatens the required food supply for the survival of a population. Besides that, polluted water weakens or even destroys the natural ecosystems that sustain human health and biodiversity.
The UN points out that there are still around one billion citizens on Earth who do not have access to an adequate supply (the equivalent to at least 20 liters of water daily at a distance of up to one kilometer). According to data from the World Resources Institute (WRI) disclosed in 2015, over 30 countries will face high-risk hydric crises in the next 25 years. The report measured the demand and availability of water in 167 nations.
There are various large cities, around the world, reaching a crisis level that can be considered as in a hydric collapse status. After overcoming that great challenge nowadays, they have adapted to new methods for dealing with water supply. And these serve as models to be followed concerning the usage of technology, science, and awareness on water consumption.
Faced with this problem, ATLANTICO brings a series of reports as public managers solving the issues related to water collapse in three spaces: in Cape Verde, in the city of São Paulo and in Cape Town.